The common pediatric problems that arise in the respiratory problems are upper and lower airway obstruction. There are set of conditions that result in the upper airway obstruction but some edema of the soft tissues of the upper airway either in the subglottic region below the vocal cords or in the soft tissues above the epiglottis or hypopharynx. When there is an obstruction in the upper airway there is an increase in breathing because you are trying to use your muscles to draw in the air against the higher resistance than normal. We are having experienced professionals with a highly qualified team in the pediatrics department at our hospital. For more info about this treatment please our website at gvnrhealth.com.
Pediatric airways are already small in caliber. With upper airway obstruction, you will see suprasternal reactions or potentially sternal reactions in a young infant with a complaint sternum and there is a noise that may accompany is called stridor. Stridor is a high pitched noise that occurs on inspiration. Noise is essential for turbulent airflow that the infant is generating by drawing air through a narrowed area. If the infant has an obstruction in a higher level, swelling of the tongue, excessive secretions, poor muscle tone resulting in hypopharyngeal obstruction. There are two types in the airway obstruction one is croup and the other is epiglottitis.
Lower airway obstruction includes wheezing, lower airway obstruction delayed emptying of lung units typically from high resistance in the lower airways which may be caused by infection, bronchospasm, reaction to an allergen and other types of hypersensitivity reaction. These patients breathe fast even though by slowing down their respiratory rate, they might have more time for exhalation and reduce air trapping.
Pneumothorax occurs when there is air in the pleural space between the lung and chest valve. In an infant’s most common time this pneumothorax is seen which results from pulmonary infection and mechanical infection where there will be the inflammation of the lung and applied trauma to the lung in the form of air under pressure that could result in leakage of air out of the lung parenchyma. Pneumothorax can be seen
- Spontaneously seen in some lung diseases like pneumocystis.
- Pneumonia where there are necrotizing patterns such as methicillin-resistance staphylococcus aureus pneumonia.
- Result in trauma, a patient who has sustained a chest injury may suffer a pneumothorax because increased pressure applied to the focal area of the lung.