Chronic kidney disease tells about the loss of kidney function. The primary function of the kidneys is to filter the blood and remove waste and water. But over time conditions like diabetes, high blood pressure or other diseases like autoimmune and congenital can damage the kidneys and weaken the ability to filter the waste water from the blood. Depending on the disease that is causing the kidney dysfunction, you may be diagnosed with conditions like diabetic nephropathy, polycystic kidney disease, hypertensive nephron sclerosis. We are having best-experienced professionals who are highly skilled with all kidney-related problems.
Chronic kidney disease develops when the kidney starts to lose function. Diabetes is one of the main causes of kidney disease. When the diabetes is not controlled or when the person has diabetes for many years excess sugar gets into the bloodstream and damages the blood vessels which leads to decrease kidney function. High blood pressure or hypertension is the second most common cause of kidney disease and it is responsible for 28% of kidney failure. If left untreated the blood vessels in your kidney carry blood throughout the body can be permanently damaged. Without getting the kidneys damaged there should control of blood sugar and blood pressure. If one of your family members has diabetes, high blood pressure, kidney disease you could be at risk.
Chronic kidney disease is a silent disease and in the early stages of it, there are usually no symptoms. As the disease progresses some symptoms may include
- Changes to how often you need to urinate.
- Feeling tiredness or drowsiness
- loss of appetite
- Swelling of hands and feet
- Feeling itchiness or numbness
- Nausea or vomiting
- Muscle cramps
- Darkness of skin
To diagnose chronic kidney disease through routine testing of urine or blood. The major blood test that is performed to diagnosed chronic kidney disease is the serum creatinine which estimates how well the kidneys are removing waste products. The serum creatinine along with other factors such as age and gender are used to estimate GFR which is the measure of kidney function.
There is no cure for chronic kidney disease but treatment is designed to delay the progression of the disease. Some medications can slow down the progression of the disease but the main interventions consist of controlling the underlying condition. People with reduced kidney function should see the doctors regularly to keep their blood sugar and blood pressure level under control and avoid taking pain killers and smoking. Treatment options for patients with very low kidney function or in the end stages include dialysis and kidney transplantation. For more information about the treatment please visit gvnrhealth.com.