A neurologist is someone who specialises in the examination, diagnosis, treatment and management of the human brain and the nervous system. Neurologists use diagnostic examinations like electroencephograms(EEG), Magnetic Resonance Images (MRI) and Computer Assisted Topography (CAT) scans to observe any neurological abnormalities. Once they find any problem in the patient’s brain or nervous system they would only provide accurate information about your condition through scans, statistics and dialogue, and prescribe the appropriate medication. If in case this doesn’t work he would recommend you to a neurosurgeon so you can undergo surgery and get rid of your condition once and for all. Neurologists usually deal with conditions like sleep disorders, brain and spinal cord injuries, Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, Multiple Sclerosis (MS) and Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis(ALS). A neurosurgeon’s job is treating a neurological disorder through surgical procedures.
Neurosurgeons are the highest paid professionals of medicine. Neurosurgeons perform surgeries for carpal tunnel syndrome, lower back pain, aneurisms, blocked arteries and peripheral nerve issues. But a neurosurgeons main job is to remove tumours that occur anywhere in the nervous system and brain. While both neurologists and neurosurgeons diagnose and treat problems that involve the nervous system, neurologists never perform surgery. Neurologists are more focused on discovering neurological conditions that can be corrected through medication and therapy. In case a neurologist observes a condition that cannot be corrected through medication then he would transfer the patient into a neurosurgeons office. Both neurologists and neurosurgeons require extensive knowledge on neurology and both can conduct minimally invasive surgeries and carry out scans like EEG, CAT, etc.