Heart failure is where the body accumulates too much fluid. There are many causes for heart failure, there are two general types called systolic and diastolic. Systolic means when the heart function is fragile and when the heart is enlarged. Diastolic is a general term is more fluid accumulation without enlargement or weakening of the heart. One of the most common causes of heart failure is cholesterol build-up causes heart attack and also damage scar tissue to the heart muscle, which creates abnormal hemodynamics.
Some of the complications of heart disease can change over time to compensate for the damaged area and it is called remodeling. Hormones are activated that create additional fluid retention in the body. Because the heart function is not appropriate, the output of blood is not normal, the body compensates by retaining fluid as if the heart was dehydrated in terms of low blood volume. GVNR hospitals are having experienced professionals on cardiology in Hyderabad.
For the young patient, the most common cause is the virus that affects the heart and that can create scar tissue inside the heart, but it is the more generalized rim of scar tissue as opposed to one area of the heart that is damaged as in a heart attack. Another common cause is sleep apnea, which creates low oxygen levels at night that creates a strain on the heart that can contribute to heart failure. High blood pressure is very common cause increased thickness of the heart to compensate for the high blood pressure that can create more of a stiffening process with in the heart, getting normal blood output and fluid retention for the heart is also difficult.
The symptoms of heart failure usually are swelling in legs, difficulty lying flat in the bed, shortness of breath with activity, feeling tired, heart palpitations. Young patients tend to have less swelling in the legs and often get more swelling in the abdomen and may feel abdominal fullness or loss of appetite or even abdominal pain. GVNR Hospitals are one of the best cardiologist hospitals in Hyderabad which gives the best treatment for Heart problems.