Gastroenterological disorders are problems relating to the digestive system. Simply put, every organ in the human body that is involved in the processing of food is a component of the gastroenterological system and any problem that happens to them is referred to as a gastroenterological problem. The most common gastroenterological problems include constipation, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and hemorrhoids. Let’s look at what these problems are, why they’re caused and how to avoid them.
Constipation is when you find it hard to defecate, meaning you are unable to release waste even after exerting a lot of pressure. This usually occurs due to eating an abrupt diet that’s high in protein and carbohydrates or eating a diet that’s low in fibre. Ways to avoid constipation mainly include eating a diet that is high in fibre and avoiding abrupt, heavy eating. If constipation is not treated immediately, extreme pressure in the anal area can lead to more severe problems like hemorrhoids and anal bleeding. Another common gastroenterological problem is IBS or Irritable Bowel Syndrome, which is the involuntary contraction of the colon muscles. IBS can cause a lot of pain and discomfort in people. IBS is usually triggered due to some kind of mental stress and wrongly prescribed medication. Some of the symptoms of IBS include abdominal pain and cramps, excess gas, bloating, change in bowel movements and alternating constipation and diarrhoea. The best way to avoid IBS is by monitoring your diet and pinpointing what actually causes IBS in your body as for different people the causes or triggers may vary. Hemorrhoids are nothing but inflammation of the blood vessels in the anal area which can cause immense pain to the person suffering from it. Hemorrhoids are usually caused due to abnormal straining in the anal area and exposure of the anal blood vessels to acidic matter. Prescribed medication from a gastroenterologist or surgery from a gastroenterological surgeon can get rid of hemorrhoids.